Russian president demanded that exports of Russian gas to "unfriendly" countries be settled in rubles. The demand has raised concerns in Germany about possible supply disruptions and the impact on industry and households if utilities do not pay in robles. Europe gets about 40% of its gas from Russia. Last year, Europe imported about 155 billion cubic meters. Germany, Europe's largest economy, depends heavily on Russian gas.
The chief executive of Germany's E.ON said the German economy would face "significant damage, which should be avoided if possible" without Russian supplies. He also said it would take Germany three years to wean itself off Russian gas.
In the event of a supply disruption, Germany's gas network regulator would prioritize home heating over industrial use, so energy-hungry manufacturers such as steelmakers would be the first to suffer, he said.
The volatile international situations will continue to affect the markets and prices of many commodities like the foam concrete.
What are the types of foam concrete foaming agents?
The foamed concrete foaming agent can make concrete appear a lot of foam to accelerate the formation and use of foamed concrete. Use efficiency and speed up the progress of the entire construction project. Foamed concrete foaming agents are available in the market. What are the types of foam concrete foaming agents?
What is foam concrete foaming agent?
The foamed concrete foaming agent is a substance that can make its aqueous solution generate a large amount of foam when the mechanical force is introduced into the air. This kind of substance is a surfactant or a surface-active substance. The former such as anionic surfactants, cationic surfactants, non-ionic surfactants, etc., and the latter, such as animal protein, vegetable protein, pulp waste liquid, and so on. Foamed concrete foaming agent, also known as a cement foaming agent, foam concrete foaming agent refers to an admixture that can reduce the surface tension of the liquid and generate a large amount of uniform and stable foam for the production foamed concrete.
2. What are the types of foam concrete foaming agents?
This type of foaming agent is made of rosin as the main raw material, and its application has long been common. The chemical structure of rosin is relatively complex, containing rosin acids, aromatic hydrocarbons, aromatic alcohols, aromatic aldehydes, and oxides. Rosin resin foaming agent is also known as an air-entraining agent. Its main varieties are rosin soap and rosin homopolymer. It was initially developed and applied as an air-entraining agent for concrete mortar and later expanded to be used as a foaming agent for foamed concrete.
(2) Synthetic class
Following the rosin-based foaming agents, various synthetic surfactant-based foaming agents have been developed. This type of foaming agent has been widely used in cement foaming abroad since the 1950s. Among various synthetic surfactant foaming agents, the anionic type is generally welcomed due to its fast foaming and large foaming multiple. The cationic foaming agent is expensive and has a certain influence on the strength of cement, so it is not used much.
(3) Protein active substance type
The protein-based foaming agent is the current high-grade foaming agent with good performance and good development prospects. From the general development trend, it will occupy a larger and larger proportion in the application in recent years. Although its price is high, mostly above 15,000 yuan/ton, it will still be accepted by the market due to its better performance.
There are many foam concrete foaming agents, but there are only three or four common ones. The use of foamed concrete foaming agents can accelerate the formation of concrete and quickly make the concrete reach the standard of use, thereby promoting the progress of the entire construction project. , The development of foam concrete foaming agents has gone through a long process, and it is currently widely used in construction projects.
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Because of the conflict between Russia and Ukraine, there is a shortage of natural gas supply. At the same time, other renewable energy sources cannot produce enough electricity, so electricity prices have soared in many countries of the world. For this reason, I assume the supply and prices of the foam concrete would keep being influenced by the high energy prices.
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